Answer: a) Hormah means destruction.
Numbers 21: says, “And the Lord heeded the voice of Israel and gave over the Canaanites, and they devoted them and their cities to destruction. So the name of the place was called Hormah.”
In the People’s Bible Commentary: Numbers, Paul W. Kuske writes. “The victory was so complete that the place received the name Hormah, which means ‘destruction.’ Yet there must have been some survivors or other branches of the clan. A complete destruction was reported later in Judges 1:16, 17” (p 166).
In the Baker encyclopedia of the Bible (p 999), Elwell, Walter A., and Barry J. Beitzel tell their readers:
Hormah. Town near Beersheba in the Negeb and on the border of the tribes of Judah and Simeon. Originally a Canaanite settlement, it became Judah’s according to Joshua 15:30 and then Simeon’s according to 19:4. Judah had dominated it again by the time of the early monarchy (1 Sm 30:30). The change of the Canaanite name Zephath to Hormah when the Hebrews first conquered it is noted in Judges 1:17. Hormah took David’s side during his running feud with King Saul (1 Sm 30:30), and David rewarded the town by sending it some of the spoils of war from his conquest of Ziklag. Joshua 15:30 describes it as being in the south near Chesil and Ziklag, but its precise location remains unknown. From the reference in Numbers 14:45, it could well be south of Kadesh-barnea, where the Israelites spent much of the wilderness period. Other suggested locations of Hormah include Tell el-Milh, 7 miles east of Beersheba, and Tell esh-Sheriʽah, about 12 miles northwest of Beersheba.
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